LEVIN FAMILY HEALTH - Open 1st August 2023


Gary says... Lets take a look at Heart Disease

Gary's says Heart Disease is something we should all be aware of...

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, refers to a group of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. It is a leading cause of death worldwide and encompasses various conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and valvular heart disease.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrow or blocked due to the buildup of fatty deposits called plaques. This can restrict blood flow to the heart muscle, leading to chest pain (angina), heart attacks, or myocardial infarctions.

Heart failure happens when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. It can occur due to weakened heart muscles, damaged heart valves, or other underlying conditions. Symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, and fluid retention.

Arrhythmias refer to abnormal heart rhythms that can be too fast, too slow, or irregular. They can disrupt the heart's normal pumping action and affect its ability to deliver oxygenated blood to the body.

Valvular heart disease involves problems with the heart valves, which control the flow of blood through the heart chambers. Conditions such as valve stenosis (narrowing) or valve regurgitation (leakage) can strain the heart and lead to symptoms like chest pain, fatigue, and shortness of breath.

Several risk factors contribute to the development of heart disease, including smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Genetic factors and family history also play a role.

Prevention and management of heart disease involve adopting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, avoiding tobacco use, managing stress, and controlling risk factors like blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Treatment options may include medication, lifestyle changes, cardiac procedures (e.g., angioplasty, bypass surgery), and in severe cases, heart transplantation.

Early detection, prompt medical intervention, and ongoing care are crucial in reducing the burden of heart disease and improving overall cardiovascular health. Regular check-ups and maintaining a healthy lifestyle are vital in preventing heart disease and promoting heart-healthy living.